(Material prepared by Silvia Rivero)

Now you've finished your draft and it's time to edit and proofread your paper. You need to review your work for organization and connection of ideas, and for clarity, including correcting errors in grammar and vocabulary. You also need to correct any errors related to punctuation, or mechanics, such as spelling or capitalization. So let's work on it!

What Is "Editing"?

Very often we are advised to edit our papers before submitting them, but what does "editing" mean? What do we need to do during that stage of the writing process to improve the quality of our written work?

D. Ferris (2002) describes "editing" as "looking over a paper you have already written to find and correct any errors in grammar, vocabulary, punctuation, or mechanics (spelling or capitalization)." Some other scholars consider "editing" a much broader activity that also refers to issues of organization and coherence.

In this section we offer some strategies that will help you develop self-editing skills.