1. Mr. Stanton will buy the house previously occupied by Andrew Learner.
The correct answer is: "The house previously occupied by Andrew Learner will be bought by Mr. Stanton."
|Mr. Stanton||will buy||the house previously occupied by Andrew Learner.|
|The house previously occupied by Andrew Learner||will be bought||by Mr. Stanton.|
bought: Past Participle: bought
Verb Tense: Simple Future
Verb TO BE (Simple Past): will be
2. Mr. Rumsfeld was building a small barn and a fence outside his property limits.
The correct answer was: "A small barn and a fence were being built outside the property limits by Mr. Rumsfeld."
|Mr. Rumsfield||was building||a small barn and a fence||outside the property limits.|
|A small barn and a fence||were being built||outside the property limts||by Mr. Rumsfield.|
build: Past Participle: built
Verb Tense: Past Progressive
Verb TO BE (Simple Past): was / were being
Agreement: A barn and a fence / were
3. The defendant Mrs. Wilkins will place all the new structures in the assigned location.
The correct answer was: "All the new structures will be placed in the assigned location by the defendant Mrs. Wilkins."
|The defendant Mrs. Wilkins||will place||all the new structures||in the assigned location.|
|All the new structures||will be placed||in the assigned location||by the defendant Mrs. Wilkins.|
place: Past Participle: placed
Verb Tense: Simple Future
Verb TO BE (Simple Future): will be
4. His attempt was considered a failure.
Explanation: No possibility to turn this sentence into the passive because it is in the passive voice already!
5. The owners have maintained the historic house and its surrounding park since 1976.
The correct answer was: "The historic house and its surrounding park have been maintained by the owners since 1976."
|The owners||have maintained||the historic house and its surrounding park||since 1976.|
|Subject||Verb||Direct Object||Since when?|
|The historic house and its surrounding park||have been maintained||by the owners||since 1976.|
|Direct Object||Verb||Subject||Since when?|
maintain: Past Participle: maintained
Verb Tense: Present Perfect
Verb TO BE (Pres. Perf.): has / have been
Agreement: House and park / have
6. The prosecutor had a strong case.
Explanation: This sentence cannot be turned into the passive. No passivization with the main verb TO HAVE.
7. Dr. Brown fled to the hospital as soon as possible.
Explanation: This sentence cannot be turned into the passive because there is no direct object in either of the clauses in this sentence.
8. During the trial the victim's relatives looked distressed, while the defendant seemed remorseless.
Explanation: This sentence cannot be turned into a passive version because there is no direct object in either of the clauses in this sentence.
9. Mr. Crown would have answered the call if he had been at home.
The correct answer was: "The call would have been answered by Mr. Crown if he had been at home."
|Mr. Crown||would have answered||the call||if he had been at home.|
|The call||would have been answered||by Mr. Crown||if he had been at home.|
answer: Past Participle: answered
Verb Tense: Present Perfect with would (Perfect Conditional)
Verb TO BE (Pres. Cond.): would have been
10. The police may arrest you for this.
The correct answer was: "You may be arrested (by the police) for this."
|The police||may arrest||you||for this.|
|You||may be arrested||(by the police)||for this.|
11. Joe Watson might have explained the cause of that behavior to the police, but they decided to take him to the precinct anyway.
The correct answer was: "The cause of that behavior might have been explained to the police by Joe Watson, but he was taken to the precinct (by them) anyway."
|Joe Watson||might have explained||the cause of that behavior||to the police,|
|Subject||Verb||Direct Object||To whom?|
|The cause of that behavior||might have been explained||to the police||by Joe Watson,|
|Direct Object||Verb||To whom?||Subject|
explain: Past Participle: explained
Verb Tense: Present Perfect (with modal might
Verb TO BE (Pres. Perf. with modal might): might have been
|but||they||took||him||to the precinct||anyway.|
|but||he||was taken||to the precinct||(by them)||anyway.|
take: Past Participle: taken
Verb Tense: Simple Past
Verb TO BE (Past. Perf. Prog.): was / were
Agreement: he / was