Virtual Reference Shelf - sources containing multiple types of reference tools
An excellent collection of general and subject-specific reference sources that can be searched individually or in combination. Available only to current CUNY School of Law students and faculty.
Includes Encyclopedia Americana, American Heritage Dictionary, English-Spanish & Spanish-English dictionaries, Roget's Thesaurus and other resources. Available only to current CUNY School of Law students and faculty.
An outstanding collection of reference resources that can be used individually or searched in combination. Includes general and subject-specific dictionaries, encyclopedias, quotations dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, maps and more. Available only to current CUNY School of Law students and faculty.
A full-text collection of reference books including The Ethnic Cultures of America, Occupational Outlook Handbook, and the World Factbook. Available only to current CUNY School of Law students and faculty.
Great source for free access to current reference sources! Older sources provided as well, so check the dates.
Includes an online encyclopedia (Columbia House), dictionary, thesaurus, maps and several almanacs.
Provides links to a variety of research sources, including dictionaries, thesauri, translators, map services and financial information.
Includes a large collection of links to reference sources on the Web.
Presents "cultural treasures" from around the world, including manuscripts, maps, rare books, musical scores, recordings, films, prints, photographs, and architectural drawings. Developed by the Library of Congress and partner institutions throughout the world, with support from the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Provided by William Patterson University. They also have links to other citation information sources here.
Dictionaries & Thesauri
Merriam-Webster Online (includes thesaurus)
This is the online edition of the famous multi-volume print version, with definitions for over 500,000 words. Contains the contents of the current print version, plus updates as they are added that will appear in the new print version when it comes out. The publisher claims over 2.5 million quotations are included to show the usage of words, which is a particular strength of this dictionary. Available only to current CUNY School of Law students and faculty.
Available only to current CUNY School of Law students and faculty.
ROGET'S Thesaurus (3rd ed. 1995 from Bartleby.com)
There is also a 1911 version released to the public domain, "supplemented" in 1991.
This site claims to be a directory of information on "more than 150,000 publications." Free to use, but registration required.
This site includes the online version of Encyclopedia Britannica and much more.
Includes an online encyclopedia (Columbia House), dictionary, maps and several almanacs.
Written collaboratively by volunteers. Most articles can be edited by anyone. Useful for preliminary info and especially for pop-culture topics, but use with caution.
See how far your salary will go in various areas of the U.S. To compare cost of living in other countries, use the International Salary Calculator.
Choose from over 1,000 job descriptions and compare salaries paid in over 300 U.S. cities.
Access to the Yale Book of Quotations is not free, but the Web site provides this list of other quotations sites that are free.
Translate text (or a Web page) from English to German, Spanish, French, Italian or Portugese, and vice versa.
This project creates translating dictionaries in several languages for free use on the Internet.
Find translations of words in over 100 languages! Includes audio files for many words so you can also hear how they are pronounced.