Office of Equal Opportunity & Diversity

The Office of Equal Opportunity & Diversity strives to proactively foster greater inclusion and equity.

We support CUNY’s policies against discrimination and sexual misconduct and seek to ensure equal opportunity for the Law School’s community, including students, faculty and staff. We are committed to CUNY’s policy statement that “diversity, inclusion, and an environment free from discrimination are central to the mission of the University” and that “every member of CUNY’s community, including students, employees and visitors, deserves the opportunity to live, learn and work free from sexual harassment, gender-based harassment and sexual violence.”

We serve as a resource to our campus community regarding Policies on Equal Opportunity/Nondiscrimination and Sexual Misconduct. We are also available to provide on-site training to your department, office or unit.

If you wish to file a discrimination or sexual misconduct complaint you are encouraged to do so. Please be reminded that managers, supervisors and persons designated as “responsible employees” are required to immediately report discrimination or sexual misconduct complaints to this office.

Please note: CUNY requires that all discrimination and retaliation complaints (but not sexual misconduct complaints) should be reported through the Complaint Reporting Portal.

Policies & Forms

SPARC Training

CUNY has implemented a program called SPARC (Sexual & Interpersonal Violence Prevention And Response Course) to provide students with this training. SPARC is an online training module developed by SUNY in collaboration with CUNY that educates students* about sexual misconduct, ways to prevent it, and the campus’ response to a complaint. The content has been customized to reflect New York State requirements and CUNY policies.

To access the SPARC course, log onto Blackboard. On the Home page, look for My Organizations and the Training course will be listed. If you do not see the course, please contact Student Affairs at

*NOTE: All incoming students (first-year and transfers) are required to complete SPARC training as are student government members, student leaders and members of other student groups designated by the Law School and CUNY.

E-SPARC Training

In compliance with New York State law and CUNY Policy, CUNY employees are required to complete the Employee Sexual Misconduct Prevention and Response Course (E-SPARC), which covers sexual harassment, gender-based harassment and sexual violence, at least once every academic year.

This training is available to employees via CUNY Blackboard. Once in Blackboard, the link to complete the training can be found in the My Organization section. Employees may access Blackboard at any point during the duration of the academic year to begin the course. To reduce any technical difficulties, employees should plan on completing the training in one sitting – this means not pausing and exiting the course. Doing so may result in your completion not being recorded in Blackboard.

View our brief guide on how to access the E-SPARC course on Blackboard.

The CUNY School of Law is committed to providing equal employment and educational opportunity to all persons without regard to race, color, religion, national or ethnic origin, age, gender, sexual orientation, transgender, disability, genetic predisposition or carrier status, alienage or citizenship, prior arrest record, or marital, military, or veteran status. It is a violation of this policy for any member of the college community to engage in discrimination or to retaliate against a member of the community for raising an allegation of discrimination, filing a complaint alleging discrimination, or for participating in any proceeding to determine whether discrimination has occurred.

The college’s equal opportunity policy incorporates, as applicable, the nondiscrimination and affirmative action obligations set forth in federal, state, and local law including, but not limited to: Executive Order 11246, as amended, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, as amended, Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights of 1964, as amended, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972, as amended, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, the Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, as amended, New York State Human Rights Law and the New York City Civil Rights Law, as well as the policies of the City University’s Board of Trustees.

As an urban institution in the City of New York we are committed to the concept and values of pluralism and diversity, we seek to have its workforce reflect the diversity of its student body, the surrounding community, and the representation of qualified individuals available in the labor force.

Pursuant to law “protected groups” are defined for affirmative action purposes as: Black (non-Hispanic)/African American, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander, and American Indian or Alaskan Native, women, special disabled and Vietnam Era veterans, and individuals with disabilities. Moreover, in accordance with the University Chancellor’s mandate of 1976, Italian-Americans are also designated an affirmative action protected category within CUNY.

CUNY encourages people with disabilities, minorities, veterans and women to apply. At CUNY, Italian Americans are also included among our protected groups. Applicants and employees will not be discriminated against on the basis of any legally protected category, including sexual orientation or gender identity. EEO/AA/Vet/Disability Employer.

CUNY Affirmative Action

It is our policy to recruit, employ, retain, promote, and provide benefits to employees (including paid and unpaid interns) and to admit and provide services for students without regard to race, color, creed, national origin, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, age, sex (including pregnancy, childbirth and related conditions), sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, marital status, partnership status, disability, genetic information, alienage, citizenship, military or veteran status, status as a victim of domestic violence/stalking/sex offenses, unemployment status, or any other legally prohibited basis in accordance with federal, state and city laws.

We also provide reasonable accommodations when appropriate to individuals with disabilities, individuals observing religious practices, employees who have pregnancy or childbirth-related medical conditions, or employees who are victims of domestic violence/stalking/sex offenses.

It is a violation of this policy for any member of the college community to engage in discrimination or to retaliate against a member of the community for raising an allegation of discrimination, filing a complaint alleging discrimination, or for participating in any proceeding to determine whether discrimination has occurred.

Individuals who experience discrimination or sexual misconduct may file complaints with my office which will be investigated in a fair and impartial manner. CUNY requires that you initially report complaints of discrimination and retaliation (not sexual misconduct) by using the CUNY Complaint Reporting Portal.

The report will then be sent to Michael Valente, Chief Diversity Officer, who will review the report thoroughly and take appropriate action, which may include reaching out to you for more information and to explore next steps. A report may be made anonymously. An anonymous report will be taken seriously and reviewed thoroughly; however, the ability to investigate an anonymous report and pursue further action may be limited.

Discrimination & Retaliation Complaint Reporting Portal
Equal Opportunity & Non-Discrimination Policy
Notice of Non-Discrimination
Reasonable Accommodations and Academic Adjustments

CUNY Policy on Accommodations and Accessibility for Students

Policy 7.10 Effecting Reasonable Accommodations and Academic Adjustments Procedures Relating to Accommodations and Accessibility for Students
The City University of New York (“CUNY”) is committed to providing reasonable accommodations and academic adjustments that allow qualified individuals with disabilities the opportunity to participate in programs and activities of the University. This document sets forth the policies and procedures relating to requests from students with disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and various provisions of New York state law.
I. Definitions
A. ADA: The Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) guarantees individuals with disabilities access to employment, public accommodations, transportation, public services, and telecommunications and provides such individuals with civil rights protections. Title II of the ADA, which applies to public entities such as CUNY, prohibits discrimination on the basis of a disability in all services, programs, and activities provided to the public by state and local governments.
B. Section 504: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in federally funded programs and activities.
C. Disability: Any physical, medical, mental or psychological impairment, or a history or record of such impairment, that constitutes a disability under applicable federal law, New York State Human Rights Law Section 292(21), and New York City Human Rights Law Section 8-102.
D. Qualified Individual with a Disability: A qualified individual with a disability is a student who meets the academic and technical standards required for admission or participation in the chosen program with or without a reasonable accommodation or academic adjustment.
E. Academic Adjustments: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (“Section 504”) requires CUNY to provide academic adjustments to qualified students with
disabilities by (a) modifying academic requirements unless such requirements are essential to the instruction being pursued or to any directly related licensing requirement; (b) ensuring that course examinations for students with disabilities reflect their achievement in the course and not their disabilities; (c) taking steps to ensure that a qualified student is not excluded from participation or discriminated against because of the absence of educational auxiliary aids; and (d) ensuring that no rules have the effect of limiting the participation of students with disabilities in any educational program or activity.
F. 504/ ADA Coordinator: Each College or unit at CUNY, including the University’s Central Office (the “Central Office”), has a 504/ADA Coordinator whose contact information is available on the College or University website. The 504/ADA Coordinator is responsible for ensuring that disability accommodation requests from students are processed in accordance with CUNY procedures, addressing appeals of accommodations/academic adjustment decisions through mediation or investigation, as necessary, monitoring the CUNY College or unit for 504/ADA compliance, collecting data, and providing information and guidance.
G. Accessibility or Disability Services Office (DSO):
Each CUNY college or unit has an Accessibility or Disability Services Office (DSO) with a director or a campus designee who coordinates the provision of reasonable accommodations and support services for students with disabilities. Students’ needs for reasonable accommodations and support services are verified by these offices after engaging in the interactive process.
H. Interactive Process/Cooperative Dialogue: The interactive process is when a decision-maker at the campus works with the student to identify existing barriers to the student’s access to academic and non-academic programs and activities at the campus with the intention of finding an academic adjustment or reasonable accommodation to address those barriers.
I. Reasonable Accommodation: For qualifying students, reasonable accommodations are adjustments to policy, practice, and programs that provide equal access to CUNY’s academic and non-academic programs and activities
regardless of disability status. Reasonable accommodations are addressed on a case-by-case basis.
J. NYS IT Accessibility Policy: This New York State policy identifies the minimum accessibility requirements to ensure that Information and Communication Technology (“ICT”) and certain websites developed, procured, maintained, or used by State Entities are accessible to people with disabilities. nys-p08-005-accessibility-of-information-communication-technology.pdf
K. Undue Hardship: An undue hardship is an action that would require significant difficulty or expense when considered in light of a number of factors, including the nature and cost of the accommodation in relation to the size, resources, nature and structure of the institution’s operation, or an action that would fundamentally alter policy and procedures, the nature of a job function, and/or the fundamental nature of the academic program. An accommodation need not be granted where it would impose an undue hardship on the College or the University. If a particular accommodation imposes an undue hardship, the College or unit should consider whether an alternative accommodation is available that would not impose an undue hardship.
II. Reasonable Accommodations and Academic Adjustments for Students
Reasonable accommodations and academic adjustments may include, but are not limited to, providing the student with assistive technology or other auxiliary aides, extra time for tests or assignments, accessible classrooms and furnishings, class notes, or permission for a student’s personal aide to be in the classroom. The student with disabilities must be consulted during the interactive process to identify the appropriate accommodation that meets their needs. Consultation should begin as soon as practicable in advance of the commencement of a course or need for accommodation.
Faculty, staff, and student are vital partners in the accommodations process and shall collaborate with the Disability Services Office (DSO) on their campus to facilitate the provision of reasonable accommodation and ensure equal access for all students. Faculty and staff members will receive notification of approved accommodations for their students. When questions arise, including those regarding the appropriateness of an accommodation with respect to a specific course, faculty and staff shall contact the DSO, not the student in question, for further guidance.
A. Qualified Learning Assistants (QLAs)
When qualified learning assistants (QLAs) (e.g., notetakers, scribes, etc.) are identified as necessary pursuant to the reasonable accommodations process, the individual hired or engaged must have the appropriate skills to meet the access and academic needs of the relevant student with disabilities. In some cases, QLAs with heightened skill sets will be needed, and an escalation in compensation may be required to attract suitable candidates.
Job listings that identify the requisite skills and training for a QLA shall be posted within five business days of the relevant request for reasonable accommodation. All QLAs shall be identified as soon as practicable, but by no later than the first day of the course or within two weeks after a request is made, whichever is later. The relevant student shall be consulted in the selection process to the greatest extent practicable.
The University Office of Student Affairs shall establish and publish annually a framework for identifying and escalating compensation for QLAs to ensure payments remain competitive and are sufficient to draw individuals with the necessary skills. Compensation may range from letters of recommendation, certificates of recognition for service, stipends and hourly wages based on requirements and expertise.
B. Accessible Course Material and Instructional Technology
Course materials and instructional technology must be made accessible to qualified individuals with disabilities enrolled at CUNY. Course materials may include, but are not limited to, documents, books, videos, and recordings. Instructional technology used during a course, including third-party and online learning products, platforms, and applications, must also meet accessibility requirements as outlined under NYS IT Accessibility Policy and other state and federal law. All course materials are expected to be available through the University’s Learning Management System wherever practicable.
When necessary, the DSO Director or their designee should contact the relevant instructor, Department Chair, or Dean to determine how materials are used within a specified course. If no fully accessible version of course material is practicably available, the Director shall take all necessary steps to secure a reasonable alternative format, technology, or process as soon as possible in consultation with the student.
Accessible course materials must be provided as soon as practicable after a request, but by no later than the first day of a course or two weeks from the date a relevant request was made, whichever is later.
C. Accommodations based on Pregnancy, Childbirth or a Related Medical Condition.
Students requesting an accommodation or academic adjustment based on pregnancy, childbirth or a related medical condition should contact the campus DSO. Reasonable accommodations or academic adjustments may include, but are not limited to, granting
leaves of absence, providing take-home tests to students who are on bedrest or homebound, allowing make-up tests and assignments, or scheduling a meeting with the instructor to review missed content.
III. Process and Timeline for Requests for Reasonable Accommodations and Academic Adjustments
Students seeking accommodations or academic adjustments should contact the DSO at the CUNY College or unit they attend. Contact information is available on the college websites. Students who are unable to secure prompt assistance with accommodations requests alternatively may submit a complaint through the Accessibility Complaint Form.
Students may be asked to complete an intake form and provide supporting documentation to establish a qualifying disability and the need for reasonable accommodation.
The DSO Director, or a designee, and the student will engage in an interactive process, which may include consideration of several factors, such as the student’s limitations and the academic or program requirements, with the goal of finding an acceptable accommodation or academic adjustment. The DSO Director, or a designee may, when necessary and in a confidential manner, consult with appropriate college officials, such as the instructor or Provost, to determine program requirements and appropriate accommodations.
A grant or denial of an accommodations request must be made as soon as practicable taking into account the urgency of the request, but by no later than ten business days after the student is confirmed as a qualified individual with a disability. The grant or denial must be sent to the student in writing, either stating the accommodation or academic adjustment to be provided or the reason(s) the request was denied.
IV. Appeal of Disability Accommodation Decisions Students may appeal determinations concerning requested accommodations and academic adjustments by filing a written complaint with the 504/ADA Coordinator on their campus within ten business days of the date of the decision.
The 504/ADA Coordinator, or a designee, will try to resolve the issues between the student and the College to find an appropriate accommodation. If a mutually acceptable accommodation cannot be determined, the 504/ADA Coordinator, or a designee, will make a recommendation to the College President. The College President will render a decision as soon as practicable, but no later than ten business days of the date of receipt of the appeal. This decision shall be provided to the student in writing.
The student may also exercise rights available under law, including, but not limited to, filing a complaint with the United States Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (“OCR”).
V. Prohibition of Retaliation
CUNY prohibits retaliation against individuals for requesting reasonable accommodations or academic adjustments, appealing decisions concerning such requests, or for making or participating in claims of discrimination. Students may submit a report regarding discrimination or retaliation using the CUNY University-wide Discrimination and Retaliation Reporting Portal.
VI. Confidentiality
All requests for accommodations and academic adjustments, and all supporting documentation, including but not limited to medical information, are considered confidential and will be shared with college officials only on a need-to-know basis. Student accommodation documentation will be kept secure in the Accessibility or Disability Services Office or the Office of Student Affairs.
(Board of Trustees Minutes, 2024, 2-13, 5-B4)

Combating Sexual Assault and Other Unwelcome Sexual Behavior

Anyone of any gender, sexual orientation, religious affiliation, citizenship status, race, class or educational level can suffer from sexual harassment, including sexual violence. Our goal is to help you understand what sexual harassment means and let you know that there are people at CUNY and in the community who can help if you or others experience it. We want to make sure you understand your rights as a student, CUNY’s policies, and other issues related to sexual harassment and assault.

Combating Sexual Misconduct

On August 12, 2020, the CUNY Board of Trustees adopted a revised Policy on Sexual Misconduct, effective August 14, 2020. This revised Policy supersedes and replaces CUNY’s prior policy and will govern CUNY’s response to allegations of Sexual Misconduct based on conduct alleged to have occurred on or after August 14, 2020. The revised Policy was necessitated by changes to the federal regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”), 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681-1688. These new regulations were announced on May 6, 2020, and became effective on August 14, 2020.

Although the new regulations significantly limit the behavior that constitutes Sexual Harassment within the definitions of Sexual Misconduct, CUNY will continue to investigate, prosecute and adjudicate all allegations of Sexual Misconduct that fall outside the new narrower definition of Title IX Sexual Harassment. Further, CUNY’s revised Policy allows for close scrutiny of all reported allegations of Sexual Misconduct. CUNY remains committed to ensuring that its students, faculty, and staff learn and work in an environment free from Sexual Misconduct. CUNY will continue its zero-tolerance toward any form of Sexual Misconduct, while complying with the mandates of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”), 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681-1688.

Lastly, CUNY is resolute in its mission to respond to any allegation of Sexual Misconduct that may affect the CUNY community.

CUNY School of Law Title IX page
CUNY School of Law Title IX powerpoint
CUNY Sexual Misconduct Complaint Form
CUNY Students’ Bill of Rights
Policy on Domestic Violence and the Workplace
Policy on Gender-Based Violence and the Workplace
Policy on Sexual Misconduct
Reasonable Accommodations and Academic Adjustments
Reasonable Accommodations Request Form
Stop Sexual Harassment Act Notice
Time Off for Religious Observances
Time to Vote 2020 Notice to Employees
Workplace Violence Incident Reporting Form
Workplace Violence Policy

Contact Us

View of CUNY School of Law front entrance from outside


Office: 4-321
Phone: (718) 340-4285